Taking part in an election campaign promise, Trump – a climate denier who has claimed that climate change is a “hoax” perpetrated by China, announced in June 2017 his intention to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement. But despite the rose garden president`s statement that “we`re going out,” it`s not that simple. The withdrawal procedure requires that the agreement be in effect for three years before a country can formally announce its intention to withdraw. She`ll have to wait a year before she leaves the pact. This means that the United States could formally withdraw on November 4, 2020, the day after the presidential elections. Even a formal withdrawal would not necessarily be permanent, experts say. a future president could join us in a month. The EU supports the implementation of the Paris Agreement on climate change. The adoption of the Paris Agreement is part of a long-standing effort by the scientific community to combat climate change. They also agreed on the organization of the “Talanoa” dialogue in 2018. It will provide space to assess the joint progress made next year at COP 24 in Poland to achieve long-term climate goals. Unlike the Kyoto Protocol, which set legally binding emission reduction targets (as well as penalties for non-compliance) only for industrialized countries, the Paris Agreement requires all countries – rich, poor, developed and developing – to take their share and reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. To this end, the Paris Agreement provides for greater flexibility: commitments that countries should make are not included, countries can voluntarily set their emissions targets and countries will not be penalized if they do not meet their proposed targets.
But what the Paris agreement requires is to monitor, report and reassess, over time, the objectives of individual and collective countries, in order to bring the world closer to the broader objectives of the agreement. And the agreement stipulates that countries must announce their next round of targets every five years, contrary to the Kyoto Protocol, which was aimed at this target but which contained no specific requirements to achieve this goal. The Economic and Financial Affairs Council adopted conclusions on the financial aspects of climate change in the run-up to the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP25). The EU and its Member States remain the leading provider of public climate finance. Their total contributions amounted to 21.7 billion euros in 2018, compared to 20.4 billion in 2017. This recent figure reflects the EU`s determination to increase its international contribution to the fight against climate change by 2020 and by 2025 to the target of $100 billion per year for industrialized countries.