Who Signed The Tashkent Agreement And Why

Tashkent Agreement (January 10, 1966), an agreement signed by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri (died the next day) and Pakistani President Ayub Khan, ending the 17-day war between Pakistan and India from August to September 1965. An armistice was obtained by the United Nations Security Council on September 22, 1965. VI The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan agreed to consider measures to restore economic and trade relations, communication and cultural exchanges between India and Pakistan and to take measures to implement the existing agreements between India and Pakistan. The First Indo-Pakistani War, also known as the First Kashmir War (22 October 1947 – 5 January 1949), took place shortly after the independence of India and Pakistan. A ceasefire agreement led to the establishment of the Line of Control (LOC) as the de facto border between India and Pakistan in Kashmir. The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan signed on January 10, 1966, which resolved the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. Peace was urgently achieved on 23 September thanks to the intervention of external powers, which urged the two countries to a ceasefire, fearing that the conflict would intensify and attract other powers. [1] [2] In accordance with the Tashkent Declaration, discussions took place at ministerial level on 1 and 2 March 1966. Despite the fact that these talks were unproductive, diplomatic exchanges continued throughout the spring and summer. No results were achieved from these talks because there were differences of opinion on the Kashmir issue.

The news of the Tashkent declaration shocked the People of Pakistan, who expected more concessions from India than they received. Things deteriorated further when Ayub Khan declined to comment and isolated himself instead of announcing the reasons for signing the agreement. Protests and riots broke out in various parts of Pakistan. [3] To appease the anger and concerns of the people, Ayub Khan decided to take the matter to the people on January 14, 1966, addressing the nation. It was the divergence over the Tashkent Declaration that ultimately led to the removal of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto from Ayub`s government, who later founded his own party called the Pakistan People`s Party. Although Ayub Khan was able to satisfy the concerns of the people, the Tashkent declaration severely damaged his image and was one of the factors that led to his overthrow. [8] On January 10, 1966, the Tashkent Declaration was signed between India and Pakistan after the inconclusive war of 1965. .