Initially, it was unclear whether EU member states should ratify the agreement, as the European Commission considered the treaty to fall solely within the EU`s competence.  However, in July 2016, it was decided to classify CETA as a “mixed agreement” and therefore also to ratify it in the context of national procedures.  By removing barriers to trade, the CFTA also promotes productivity and encourages investment in Canadian communities. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development has indicated that Canada could increase its productivity by removing non-tariff barriers by expanding AIT coverage and offsetting regulatory barriers. In addition, the International Monetary Fund has emphasized that removing interprovincial barriers to Canada`s trade would help create the conditions for domestic business investment expansion and attract foreign direct investment. On 26 March 2014, federal Economic Minister Sigmar Gabriel wrote an open letter to EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht, in which he stated that investment protection was a central sensitive issue that could ultimately decide whether a transatlantic free trade agreement would meet with German approval. He went on to explain that investment arbitration between countries with well-developed legal systems is not necessary. Alignment with International Obligations The CFTA is better aligned with Canada`s commitments under international trade agreements such as the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). This reduces compliance costs for Canadian companies operating both at home and abroad. According to the Bank of Canada, the removal of interprovincial trade barriers could account for up to two-tenths of a percentage point per year of Canada`s production potential. Discover new ways to expand your international presence.
Canada`s extensive (and growing) trade network provides Canadian businesses with preferential access to a variety of markets around the world. On this page, you can explore Canada`s Free Trade Agreement (FTA), Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreements (FIPA), Plurilateral Agreements and World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreements. Note: The contract texts on this page are for informational purposes only; official treaty texts are published in canada`s Treaty Series. Canada holds exploratory talks on bilateral or multilateral free trade agreements with the following countries and trading blocs, although formal negotiations have not yet begun: In the consolidated text of CETA, a lengthy section on “intellectual property rights”, IPR (pp. 339-375), deals comprehensively with copyright, trademarks, patents, designs, trade secrets and licenses. Reference is made here to the TRIPS Agreement (p. 339 f). In addition to the interests of the pharmaceutical and software industries, CETA encourages the continuation of “camcording” (so-called “film piracy”, Art. 5.6, p. 343). Above all, the negotiations on food exports took a long time.
Interests related to European exports of Canadian cheese and beef have led to the protection of this type of intellectual property and to long lists of “geographical indications identifying a product originating in the European Union” (pp. 363-347).  Promoting the Internal Trade Snag in the Future The CFTA creates several forward-looking processes and working groups to strengthen Canada`s economic union in the future. For example, we want all Canadians to enjoy the best of what our country has to offer. Canada`s total trade with NAFTA countries was estimated at $788 billion, representing 66.8% of Canada`s total world trade in 2018. Major export industries included automotive manufacturing and natural resources. .