The BBC Charter is a royal charter that sets out the management arrangements for the British Broadcasting Corporation. An accompanying agreement recognises its editorial independence and sets out in detail its public obligations. The first BBC charter was founded by the BBC in 1926 and has since been renewed to its completion. It and any subsequent royal charters have been in place for ten years, with the exception of the 11-year Charter from 2006 to 2017. The agreement is in effect in accordance with the Charter, but may be amended during the Charter period, subject to the agreement of the Secretary of State and the BBC. The new draft Royal Charter and the accompanying framework agreement were published on 15 September 2016. The Lords debated it on October 12. October 18 was followed by a debate in the House of Commons on a request to pass the draft agreement. Some changes have been made to the White Paper proposals, including the publication of workers` wages – the threshold is now expected to be $150,000 – and the composition of the new single board of directors, the majority of which are now appointed by the BBC. Following the discussions, the government presented the Privy Council with the Final Charter, which is expected to come into force on January 1, 2017. The BBC Trust conducted its own public consultations and Sir David Clementi conducted an independent review of the BBC`s governance and regulation, which recommended that regulatory oversight be entirely entrusted to Ofcom. The final charter and final agreement were presented to Parliament in December in the form of command documents.
There will be a short transition period before the BBC Board of Directors and Ofcom assume their new governance and regulatory functions on 3 April 2017. A committee of the Scottish Parliament also looked into the role of the BBC in Scotland. After the continued delegation of powers, Holyrood was given a new formalized role in the renewal of the Charter. Similarly, the Welsh Government and the National Assembly have a formal advisory role for Wales in the Charter renewal process. The Committee on Communities, Equality and Local Government of the previous Assembly published a report in the BBC Charter Review in March 2016. A similar declaration of intent guarantees the Executive and the Northern Ireland Assembly an advisory role in the renewal of the Charter.