What Were The Major Agreements From The Yalta And Potsdam Conference

As an Allies` victory was likely, the objective of the Yalta conference was to decide what to do with Germany after it was defeated. In many ways, the Yalta conference set the stage for the rest of the Cold War in Europe. Each of the three heads of state and government had their own agenda for post-war Germany and liberated Europe. Roosevelt wanted Soviet support in the American Pacific War against Japan, particularly for the planned invasion of Japan (Operation August Storm) and Soviet participation in the United Nations; Churchill insisted on free elections and democratic governments in Central and Eastern Europe (particularly Poland); Stalin called for a Soviet sphere of political influence in Central and Eastern Europe as an essential aspect of the USSR`s national security strategy. Stalin`s position at the conference was one he believed to be so strong that he could dictate conditions. According to the member of the US delegation and future Foreign Minister, James F. Byrnes, “it was not a question of what we would leave to the Russians, but what we could do to the Russians” [9] The Big Three – Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (replaced on 26 July by Prime Minister Clement Attlee) and US President Harry Truman met inside July 17 to August 2, 1945 to discuss negotiate the terms of the end of the Second World War. After the Yalta Conference in February 1945, Stalin, Churchill and U.S. President Franklin D.

Roosevelt agreed to meet after Germany`s capitulation to determine post-war borders in Europe. Germany surrendered on May 8, 1945, and Allied leaders agreed to meet in potsdam in the summer to continue the talks that began in Yalta. Although the Allies continued to wage a common war in the Pacific, the absence of a common enemy in Europe led to difficulties in reaching consensus on the post-war reconstruction of the European continent. None of the Great Three left Yalta with all they had planned to achieve, but a public demonstration of unity and collaboration was widely reported as they made their separate paths. At the end of the conference, it was agreed that they would meet again after Germany`s capitulation, so that they could make firm decisions on all outstanding issues, including the borders of post-war Europe.