Egypt is a signatory to several multilateral trade agreements: although Cairo and Ankara reduced diplomatic relations in 2013 after Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan`s opposition to Egypt`s June 30 revolution, the free trade agreement signed in 2005 remains in force. In addition, Egypt has signed several bilateral agreements with Arab countries: Jordan (December 1999), Lebanon (March 1999), Libya (January 1991), Morocco (April 1999), Syria (December 1991) and Tunisia (March 1999). In addition, Egypt and China entered into a trade agreement in 1995. Egypt has also signed an economic treaty with Russia. In June 2001, Egypt signed an Association Agreement with the European Union (EU), which came into force on 1 June 2004. The agreement provided for immediate duty-free access of Egyptian products to EU markets, while duty-free access for EU products was phased in over a 12-year period. In 2010, Egypt and the EU concluded an agricultural annex to their free trade agreement and liberalized trade in more than 90% of agricultural goods. Amer said the commission had repeatedly asked the Ministry of Industry and Trade to denounce the agreement because it had harmed many Egyptian industries. Egyptian imports from Turkey increased by 11 percent between January and September 2019 to $2.39 billion, up from US$2.16 billion in 2018, the business paper Al-Mal reported in a report by the Ministry of Industry and Trade. Industry Committee Chairman Farag Amer said Sunday that the deal harms Egyptian products and floods the local market with Turkish goods. It describes the bilateral and multilateral trade agreements to which that country belongs, including with the United States.
The following agreements have been replaced by the EU-Turkey customs union: this page lists the free trade agreements signed by Turkey.  In 1995, Turkey signed a customs union with the European Union for products other than agricultural products and services. Since 2018, the EU has been Turkey`s main trading partner, with 50% of its exports and 36% of its imports.  Tensions between Egypt and Turkey resurfaced on Sunday, when the Industry Committee of the Egyptian Parliament called for the cancellation of the free trade agreement between the two countries and said it “harms local products”. Major trading partners: China, Germany, Italy, Saudi Arabia, United States. “The free trade agreement between Egypt and Turkey was signed in 2005, but it came into force in 2013 under the terrorist Muslim Brotherhood,” he added. In early January, Egyptian customs authorities began excluding imported Turkish vehicles under the free trade agreement from customs. The Free Trade Agreement between Turkey and Egypt (FTA) is part of Islamic civilization (central economic area) and African civilization (East African economic space).
Main import elements: plastics and plastic products, fertilizers, textile fibres and textile products, petroleum products and organic chemicals – Business Council: the last business council meeting was held on 10 May 2013 in Cairo. He cited the example of a fibre panel factory in Upper Egypt`s Qena province, which is on the verge of collapse because the market is flooded with Turkish and Chinese products. – Economic Forum: the last meeting took place on 30 September 2012 in Ankara. Commercial service at Egypt American Chamber of Commerce in Egypt U.S. Embassy Cairo U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security U.S. Department of Commerce`s Denied Persons List U.S. Department of Treasury`s Specially Designated National List Egyptian Organization for Standards and Quality Control (EOS) Ministry of Trade and Industry Egyptian Accreditation Egypt`s National Institute of Standards Central Bank of Egypt`s mineral fuels, pearls and precious stones, electrical and electronic equipment, plastics and plastics.